Fusion Protein | 融合蛋白质
|August 27, 2008||Posted by 武卓敏 under 科技术语|
Fusion proteins, also known as chimeric proteins, are proteins created through the joining of two or more genes which originally coded for separate proteins. Translation of this fusion gene results in a single polypeptide with function properties derived from each of the original proteins.
The functionality of fusion proteins is made possible by the fact that many protein functional domains are modular. In other words, the linear portion of a polypeptide which corresponds to a given domain, such as a tyrosine kinase domain, may be removed from the rest of the protein without destroying its intrinsic enzymatic capability.
Naturally occurring fusion genes are most commonly created when a chromosomal translocation replaces the terminal exons of one gene with intact exons from a second gene. This creates a single gene which can be transcribed, spliced, and translated to produce a functional fusion protein. Many important cancer-promoting oncogenes are fusion genes produced in this way.
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